1850-80s Gold, 500,000 people leave Britain and Ireland for NSW and Victoria.
1856, J. A. Holden opens his saddlery business.
In 1868 the last convicts are transported.
The Bunyip Aristocracy, Eureka Stockade, rights, justice, the secret ballot and bushrangers.
Lawson, A Song of the Republic “Choose between the land that belongs to the Lord and Queen and the Land that belongs to you” Australian’s better Brits. Republic, the constant strand thru Australian history. “I can take care of myself, let us make a bargain mother. Let us part as friends” Parkes.
1860 Kanakas, (blackbirding, slavery) Afghans, camels.