Australia looks to America
1942 bombing of Darwin, 250 people killed, submarines in Sydney Harbour. 1 million Americans pass through Australia, lots of them Black (10%) “over sexed over paid and over here”. Aboriginals admired “blacks with money in their hands, who looked you straight in the eye and stood up straight” 6,000 Aboriginals and Torres Straight Islanders served. “Chips down” law changed to allow them to serve “there was a job to be done – all of a sudden, the colour line disappeared” Oodgeroo Noonuccal.
1949 Menzies elected “We believe” British to his bootstraps. Empire and aristocracy re-enforced. Snowy River Scheme begins “All persons of Aboriginal or part Aboriginal blood should live like White Australians” Removal of children. 1947- 1953, 170,000 people arrive in Australia from Europe. White Australia policy still in place.
1952 Great Britain commences A bomb tests, Monte Bello Islands, Maralinga, Prime Minister Menzies “Captains Pick”. Most Australians unaware.
1960s Poet Oodgeroo Noonuccal, Assimilation, No! “Pour your pitcher of wine into the wide river. And where is your wine? There is only the river” May 1967 Aboriginal citizenship.